Crowding of the teeth
This patient started treatment at age 11 and wore braces. He loves his new smile.
Open bite - Front teeth don't touch
This patient sucked her thumb as a young child. She started treatment at age 13. She had braces and a special appliance — called a crib — to retrain the tongue. Now she can bite the lettuce out of a sandwich.
Deep overbite - Lower front teeth bite into palate
This adult patient, age 25, required braces and jaw surgery to correct his severe overbite. His problem could have been corrected without surgery if he had been treated before he was a teenager.
Missing lateral incisors
This patient's lateral incisors were congenitally missing. She had braces to move the teeth into their correct positions, then the missing teeth were replaced with bonded "Maryland" bridges.
Underbite - Lower front teeth in front of upper teeth
This patient's underbite was causing her jaw joint discomfort and excessive wear patterns on her teeth. After treatment starting at age 32, she now finds smiling and chewing much easier.
Spacing of teeth
This patient was bothered by the spaces between his teeth. Braces closed the spaces and gave him an ideal bite. Special glued-in retainers help keep the spaces closed.
Overjet - Protruding front teeth
At age ten, patient had a big overjet with the top teeth protruding beyond the bottom. She had two phases of treatment. The first helped her jaws to grow more harmoniously and the second aligned her teeth and bite. At age 13, she was proudly displaying her new smile.
Sometimes braces are not needed to get noticeable improvements in tooth alignment. This patient was first seen at age seven for crowding of the lower permanent teeth. A procedure was performed to reduce the width of the adjacent baby teeth and the permanent incisors aligned on their own.
This patient's parents were concerned about both aesthetics and the health of the erupting permanent teeth when they brought him to the orthodontist at age eight. The lower front teeth were crowded and touching the palate, and the upper front teeth were extremely displaced from their normal positions. After Phase-One treatment with an expander and partial braces, patient's appearance and dental function were vastly improved.